Cockroaches

German Cockroach
Description - 5/8 " long, brown in color, slender in appearance
Habits - Breeds indoors throughout the year, favors a humid environment with an average temp. of around 70 degrees. Prefers daily access to water. Like to harbor in tight spaces. Can travel in boxes, bags, personal belongings.
Lifespan/Reproduction - Lifespan is approximately 3 months. Females usually carry between 30 and 40 eggs in the egg case. About half those hatch to become "nymphs" (young roaches).
Problems Encountered - Usually breed in large numbers -- one female may produce 4 to 5 egg cases as an adult (approx. 200 days). Contaminate food and surface areas with pepper sized fecal droppings. Many people are allergic to the cast skins and body parts of cockroaches. Tend to locate in kitchens and bathrooms. Have to be treated appropriately to keep the population from spreading to ceiling joints, bedrooms, baseboards, appliances, etc.
Tips for Prevention - Cleanliness can go a long way toward preventing or eradicating German Cockroaches. Clean around sinks, shelves, stove, microwave, and other areas in contact with food and water. Vacuum debris from all rooms and under refrigerator. Keep trash cans empty and clean. Over the counter products can be helpful under these circumstances, but beware that you don't just chase roaches to another remote area of your home or business! Caulk cracks around counters and sinks, and check incoming boxes and bags for the presence of roaches or egg casings.
Preparation - See preparation instructions

Name Oriental Cockroach
Description - Approximately 1" in length, very dark brown but looks black, is wider and longer in appearance than the German Cockroach
Habits - Prefers temperatures below 84 degrees and areas that are dark, cool, and moist. It lives on filth and can be found in sewers, drain lines, trash chutes, water meter vaults, as well as under porches and in garages and other suitable locations. They tend to make their way into homes as summer approaches and their harborage dries up. They may crawl under a door or even enter through drains.
Lifespan/Reproduction - The lifespan of Oriental Roaches varies greatly depending on conditions. Each female can carry up to 16 eggs in an egg capsule with an average hatch of about 14 nymphs. Each female lays an average of 8 egg capsules in a lifetime.
Problems Encountered - Probably the greatest problem with Oriental Roaches is simply their presence within a structure or around the outside of a home or business. Proper treatment requires a knowledge of the habits of this insect as well as proper materials for control
Tips for Prevention - Where possible, try to eliminate areas that remain cool, damp, and dark. Increase ventilation, trim shrubbery, repair large cracks or gaps in or under cement surfaces, and allow for proper drainage of irrigation to landscape areas.

Name American Cockroach (a.k.a. "Bombay Canary", "Water Bug", "Palmetto Bug", etc.)
Description - Largest of the house infesting roaches. Approximately 1.5" long. Reddish brown. Fully developed wings.
Habits - Like moist areas. In 1908 it was said that ships came into San Francisco with the sailors wearing gloves on their hands to keep the cockroaches from eating their fingernails. They like sewage systems, large drain lines, basements around pipes. Tend to be "garbage foragers".
Lifespan/Reproduction - Adults American Roaches live an average of 15 months. On average, a female produces 9.5 egg cases from which an average of 13.6 young roaches may emerge.
Problems Encountered - Have the ability to fly short distances and hence can be a nuisance in their surrounding areas. Can trigger allergic reactions. Can contaminate food products.
Tips for Prevention - Keep drain lines as clean as possible as well as any area that may accumulate garbage over a period of time.